Francis Lindsly

Male, #10420, (1622 - 1704)
Name Variation He was also known as Lindsley. 
Name Variation He was also known as Lindley. 
Birth*1622 Francis was born at England in 1622. 
Marriage*24 Jun 1655 He married Susanna Culpeper of Connecticut at Branford, New Haven Colony, Connecticut, on 24 Jun 1655.1 
Relocation*1666 He and Susanna Lindsly relocated in 1666 at Newark, Essex Co., New Jersey,
          Newark, New Jersey, was founded in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony. The New Haven colonists had been forced out of power for sheltering the judges who had fled to the New Haven Colony after sentencing Charles I of England to death. They sought to establish a colony with strict church rules similar to the one they had established in Milford, Connecticut. The community, reflecting the new task at hand, was to be named "New Ark" or "New Work," later shortened to Newark. Treat and the party bought the property on the Passaic River from the Hackensack Indians by exchanging gunpowder, one hundred bars of lead, twenty axes, twenty coats, guns, pistols, swords, kettles, blankets, knives, beer, and ten pairs of breeches. The total control of the community by the Church continued until 1733.2 
Death of Spouse2 Feb 1699 His wife Susanna Culpeper of Connecticut died on 2 Feb 1699.3 
Death*1704 He died at New Jersey in 1704.3 
Biography* Francis reportedly came from England, 1639, and settled in New Haven Colony; moved to and became one of the founders of Newark, N. J., 1666. 
Research note1957 He is referenced in a research note for Edward Frisbee
Research note18 Aug 2011 The Culpeper/Culpepper Sisters of 17th Century Connecticut
By Lew Griffin4 and Warren Culpepper5

Numerous sources suggest that there were one or more Culpeper (Culpepper) sisters living in Connecticut in the mid 17th century. The reported sisters include Hannah, Susanna and Abigail.

Susanna Culpeper
Susanna Culpeper of Connecticut married Francis Lindsly on 24 Jun 1655 in Branford, New Haven Colony (now New Haven Co., CT). It was once speculated that she was the daughter of John Culpeper the Merchant, born 1606. The speculation is based on the fact that he was the right age to have been her father, and was thought to have had business dealings in New England and Virginia. It is possible that he lived in New England for a while, although he seems to have left few if any records there.
     Based upon the preceding article by Donald Jacobus, it seems more likely that Susanna was the daughter of a Culpeper widow in England who remarried there and immigrated to Branfordw with her new husband and daughter at the time of its founding in 1644, or shortly thereafter. The identity of which Culpeper family this was in England is a mystery.

Hannah Culpeper
There appears to be a Hannah Rose who married Edward Frisbee but her surname is in doubt. She was long believed to be a Culpeper, but see the information below on Edward Frisbee for a different view in which it is suggested that her surname was Rose. If she were a Culpeper, then she probably shared the same parents.

Abigail Culpeper
Abigail Culpeper of Connecticut probably never existed, but was the subject of some speculation in an old book on the Frisbee line in which Abigail was reportedly the wife of John Frisbee. She is acknowledged here only to try to dispel the myth.

Edward Frisbee
According to the Frisbee-Frisbie-Frisby Family Genealogy, by Olin E. Frisbee, John and Francis Linsley, and Edward Frisbee, were among the first settlers in Branford, CT, in 1644, then called New Haven Colony. But no one named Culpepper was on that list. Edward Frisbee, however, was said to have been born in the Virginia Colony about 1620 and later moved to CT.

According to Bullard and Allied Families, by Edgar J. Bullard (Private Publisher, Detroit 1930), starting at page 79: The surname Frisbee was well established in several counties in England by the middle of the thirteenth century. It is of local origin, showing that those who first adopted it were residents of Frisby, a chapelry in County Leicester, and from there the name has spread into all parts of England. The Connecticut Frisbee's are descendants of Edward and John Frisbee, for whom long established tradition claims a Welsh origin. Both were signers of the Plantation and Church Covenant of the town of Branford, Connecticut, in January, 1668, and both became progenitors of families which have been powerful and influential in the history of Connecticut.

Edward Frisbee, with his wife, Hannah, entered his name for land in Branford in 1645. So far as records show, he had but one known wife, who was named Hannah, whom he married in 1644. There are circumstantial reasons for believing that her maiden name was Culpepper, though absolute proof is lacking. The recent Frisbee Genealogy erred in assigning so many wives to him. As a matter of fact, Frances England, one of the wives assigned to him, was wife of Edward Hitchcock. (Recorded in Branford, Connecticut.) He must have been an extensive landowner and acquired much additional property, since the conditions in his will, dated October 25, 1689, disposes of many valuable tracts in different parts of the town.

He was a Congregationalist of the early Puritan type, though less narrow and apparently more tolerant than many of his contemporaries. His estate was inventoried May 26, 1690, and his signature on the will showed the spelling of the name was "Frisbye." His large family of eleven children displayed marked traits of character and ability, and their descendants in succeeding generations include many distinguished members.

He died May 10, 1690, at Branford, Connecticut. His children were:

     1. John Frisbee, b. July 17, 1650; d. 1694; m. 1674, Ruth Bowers.
     2. Edward Frisbee, b. July 11, 1652; died young.
     3. Samuel Frisbee, b. Oct. 18, 1654; d. 1681; m. Rebecca Potter.
     4. Benonia Frisbee, b. 1656; d. 1700; m. Hannah Rose.
     5. Abigail Frisbee, b. Oct. 7, 1657; m. 1691, William Hoadley, Jr.
     6. Jonathan Frisbee, b. Oct. 28, 1659. (See following.)
     7. Josiah Frisbee, b. Jan. 19, 1661; d. Mar. 3, 1712; unmarried.
     8. Caleb Frisbee, b. 1667; d. Oct. 12, 1737.
     9. Hannah Frisbee, b. 1669; d. Sept. 27, 1723; m. Nathaniel Harrison.
     10. Ebenezer Frisbee (twin), b. Sept. 5, 1672; d. 1714; m. Mary Harrington.
     11. Silence Frisbee (twin), b. Sept. 5, 1672; m. Joshua Austin.

Second Generation
Jonathan Frisbee (6), son of Edward and Hannah

Jonathan Frisbee, was born in Branford, Connecticut, October 28, 1659, and died April 7, 1695. He married about 1685, Mary, daughter of William Hoadley of Branford. (See Hoadley I.) Jonathan Frisbee was active in the town's affairs and held many offices in the early days of the settlement. His children, born in Branford, were:

     1. Mary Frisbee, b. Jan. 1, 1686. Daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Hoadley) Frisbee, was born in Branford, Connecticut, January 1, 1686, and died December 8, 1760, in East Haven. She married about 1708, Samuel Goodsell, born February 28, 1864-5, died May 30, 1745, at East Haven, Connecticut.
     2. Elizabeth Frisbee, b. Aug. 17, 1689; m. Samuel Baldwin.
     3. Jonathan Frisbee, b. Aug. 15, 1691; d. 1722; m. 1713, Thankful Foote.
     4. Hannah Frisbee, b. Aug. 14, 1693; m. Nathaniel Foote.
     5. Abiel Frisbee, b. May 26, 1695; d. 1745; m. 1722, Elizabeth Rogers.

References--Frisbee
     "Americana," Vol. XIX, p. 465.
     Atwater's "History of the Colony of New Haven, Connecticut" (1902), p. 612.
     "Frisbie Genealogy," by Edward Frisbie, D. D. (1919), pp. 16-27.
     Research by Donald Lines Jacobus, New Haven, Connecticut.


AN EXAMINATION OF THE CULPEPPER-FRISBEE CONNECTION

Culpeppers and Frisbees were neighbors in Virginia. Henry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk Co., VA owned land on the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River in Lower Norfolk County (see deeds posted on his web page). Based on the following abstract from Cavaliers and Pioneers, vol. II, p. 286, he was a neighbor of James Frisbee:
     MR. THOMAS HODGIS, 707 acres, Lower Norfolk Co., on North side of the West branch of Elizabeth River., 21 Oct. 1684, p. 430. A branch dividing this and land of Richard Powell; adj. Thomas Hollowell; and John Bowles; on Langworth's Creek; 600 acres granted Jonathan Langworth, 6 Dec. 1638; assigned to Osmond Colchester and Walter Mitchell, 3 Oct. 1640, who gave letter of Atty. to Mathew Phillips, who sold to John Watkins, who gave by will to his wife Frances, and his son John, and by their consent sold to James Frisby, who bequeathed to his son James, who sold to said Hodgis; 107 acres for transportation of 2 persons: Wm. Ward; Best, a Negro.
     However, the connection, if any between James Frisby and Edward Frisbee is unknown, and there is no known connection between them and the Culpepers beyond the unsupported speculation that Edward married Hannah Culpeper.

James Frisbee and family moved from Virginia to Maryland. On 6 Jul 2005, Pat Clare6 submitted the following
from the Maryland Calendar of Wills:
     "Jas. Frisby, Sr., Sassafras River, Baltimore Co., will dated 22 Dec 1673; proved 12 Oct 1674. To wife Mary, home plantation during life. To 3 sons, viz, James, William, and Thomas, equally, 'Swan Point;' 150 acres on north side Sassafras River, and 600 acres on Elizabeth River, Va; also home plantation at death of wife afsd. To dau. Mary, personalty. Ex.: Wife Mary and son James afsd. Test: Abraham Stran, Nich. Dorell. 2 11. "
     This puts his land on the Elizabeth River in VA... I follow several Norfolk families and think they were part of an exodus to MD early on.
     Bill Russell7 comments: "Since this Frisby/Frisbee family were merchant traders with shipping interests, you would expect to find them around areas of seaborn trading. Although the will says Baltimore County, the Sassafras River runs between Cecil and Kent Counties on Maryland's Eastern Shore and a Swan Point was in Kent County. Parts of Baltimore County and Kent County were taken to form Cecil County in 1674. I am assuming that the land on the Sassafras may have been in what became Cecil County as it says north side, but that could be checked against deeds and is outside the scope of my interests. It would indicate, however, that anyone wanting to follow these people in Maryland may want to look at Cecil County instead of Baltimore County as the land apparently changed counties within months of the will.

Like the Culpepers, the Frisbee family were merchants engaged in the tobacco trade. Bill Russell says,"Anne Frisby of Cambridge, England shows up in English shipping records as an importer of tobacco and is the earliest woman I have seen identified as a merchant. I suspect that the she was related to the Frisbees in Norfolk, VA and the is part of the pattern of establishing relatives at points in the colonies to act as agents. James Frisby shows up in 1672 as a Virginia merchant bringing tobacco into England and a James Frisby of Virginia is mentioned as master of the ship Young Merchant in 1709. That ship was engaged in trade with America, England, and Africa."
     However, the connection, if any between Anne Frisby and James or Edward Frisbee is unknown.

Edward Frisbee's wife, Hannah, was most likely a "Rose", not a "Culpeper". On 3 Jan 1998, Jim Taylor8 wrote: "Edward Frisbee was the son of Richard Frisbee of London who moved to Virginia in 1619. Edward, called "the Immigrant" was driven from Virginia because he was a Puritan; moved to Branford, CT; entered his name for a lot in the town in 1645. Died there May 10, 1690. His first wife was Abagail----; his second Hanna Rose with whom he had eleven children. Hanna Rose was the daughter of one Robert Rose of Ipswitch, England who settled in Watertown Mass in 1634 and moved to Wetherfield, CT in 1637. The records on this were compiled within the last 50 years by my father's mother or sister, I'm not sure which, and handed on to me. There is no ambiguity about Edward and his two wives however, nor about the lengthy list of their children and their descendants, though of course there's always the possibility of an error. Interestingly, Edward's home, which he left to his two daughters Silence and Abagail in his 1689 will, still stands in Branford, CT and is a state landmark."

Culpeper, Ingolbritson and Frisbee Connection in Maryland? John Culpepper of Maryland was apparently in Anne Arundel and Calvert Counties, MD. Bartholomew Ingolbritson (who in Norfolk, VA witnessed deeds of Henry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk Co., VA) also shows up in Anne Arundel County, MD, and well as in Norfolk, VA. Anne Arundel is south of Baltimore County, and Calvert County is south of Anne Arundel. If a connection could be found between Ingolbritson, Culpepper, and Frisbee, in Maryland, that would truly be interesting. But the names may not be matching up time-wise. More research is needed.4 
Research note*2 Feb 2014 On Feb 2, 2014, "Bev Mura" wrote:
I had never heard the theory that Susanna was the daughter of a widow Cullpeper from England. Hopefully, my continued research will ferret something out on this. I also have not run across anything on an Abigail Culpepper. I did search the Barbour collection on Connecticut marriages and found Susanna is the only Culpepper listed. 

Only when I learned that Richard Harrison’s father first settled in Virginia did I begin to wonder if perhaps his connection to Virginia might have been how Francis met Susanna. But, I agree it’s likely something we may never really prove.

On the removal of the New Haven colony folk to Newark, most of the histories I’ve read explain that the Branford group collaborated with a Reverend Abraham Pierson (Sr.), a Puritan minister who had removed to Long Island from Branford some time before, to send Treat, Kitchell and company (from Guilford) to negotiate with the Hackensack for Newark. They were protesting Charles II’s recent ruling to put the New Haven Puritan Colony under the jurisdiction and control of the Connecticut Colony. New Haven had previously withdrawn from Connecticut because the latter had adopted something called “The Halfway Covenant,” which basically allowed infant baptisms even if the parents were not confirmed church members or if they were members they were not in good standing. The more conservative Puritans had also objected to their allowing suffrage rights and sometimes important civil positions to non-church members. In the simplest terms, the Puritans fought for the union of church and state, and the greater colony (and the new king) was allowing for some separation. Once Newark was secured, Reverend Pierson drafted “The Fundamental Agreement.” All those desiring to remove to Newark were required to sign it. The Branford group signed the agreement first and removed in 1666 with Rev. Pierson (who by the way was the father of the Rev. Abraham Pierson, Jr, one of the founders of Yale University.) Francis Lindsley (Linle as his name is recorded in the earliest Newark records) was among the Milford group who signed the agreement and removed in 1667. 

I’ve not found yet an explanation as to why Francis and his family ended up removing with the Milford group, as he was clearly still in Branford a few weeks before he signed Pierson's Fundamental Agreement. History records that just a few weeks before, Francis along with his brother John and nephew John Jr signed a covenant with the Branford citizens who had not removed to Newark agreeing that the undersigned had come to peaceful terms with New Haven’s union with Connecticut and were committing to each other to remain in Branford. I’m still researching what happened that caused Francis to change his mind so quickly. Likely, we’ll never truly know.

I’m including below the sources I consulted on the details above, just in case you want to use them....

Bev

(Sources: Hoadly, Charles ., M. A., Ed. Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven from 1638 to 1649, Case, Tiffany and Company, Hartford, 1857.;Simonds, J. Rupert. A History of the First Church and Society of Branford, Connecticut 1644-1919. The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Co. New Haven. 1919;Wickes, Stephen, History of the Oranges, in Essex County, N.J.: 1666-1806, Ward & Tichenor, Newark, 1892;Atwater, Edward E. History of The Colony of New Haven To Its Absorption into Connecticut. The Journal Publishing Company. Meridan. 1902.)9
 

Family

Susanna Culpeper of Connecticut (say 1637 - 2 Feb 1699)
Marriage*24 Jun 1655 He married Susanna Culpeper of Connecticut at Branford, New Haven Colony, Connecticut, on 24 Jun 1655.1 
Last Edited4 Feb 2014

Citations

  1. Have also seen this mentioned as 6 July 1655.
  2. History of Newark, New Jersey. (2011, August 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16:25, August 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Newark,_New_Jersey&oldid=442972527.
  3. E-mail written 7 Jul 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Mimi Marylon Moore Routh (descendant of Francis and Susanna Culpepper Lindsly), Mount Shasta, CA, e-mail address.
  4. Lewis W. Griffin Jr. (#47), e-mail address.
  5. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
  6. E-mail written 6Jul 2005 to Culpepper Connections from Pat Clare, e-mail address.
  7. E-mail written 1999-2011 to Culpepper Connections from William A. 'Bill' Russell, Alexandria, VA, e-mail address (Sep 2011).
  8. E-mail written 1999 to Lew Griffin from James Harlan 'Jim' Taylor (Frisbee descendant), Santa Barbara, CA, e-mail address.
  9. E-mail written Feb 2014 to Warren L. Culpepper from Beverly Lindsley Muraski, Orlando, FL, e-mail address.