James Albert Edward Hamilton 3rd Duke of Abercorn1

Male, #58234, (30 Nov 1869 - 12 Sep 1953)
Father*James Lord Hamilton 2nd Duke of Abercorn1 (24 Aug 1838 - 3 Jan 1913)
Mother*Lady Maria Anna Curzon-Howe1 (1848 - 1929)
Birth*30 Nov 1869 He was born on 30 Nov 1869 at Hamilton Place, Picadilly, London, England.2 
Name Variationbetween 1869 and 1885  As of between 1869 and 1885, James Albert Edward Hamilton 3rd Duke of Abercorn was also known as Lord James Hamilton Lord Paisley.2 
Name Variationbetween 1885 and 1913  As of between 1885 and 1913, James Albert Edward Hamilton 3rd Duke of Abercorn was also known as Lord James Hamilton Marquess of Hamilton.2 
Marriage*1 Nov 1894 He married Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham on 1 Nov 1894 at age 24.2 
Name Variationbetween 1913 and 1953  As of between 1913 and 1953, James Albert Edward Hamilton 3rd Duke of Abercorn was also known as His Grace The Duke of Abercorn.2 
Death of Father3 Jan 1913 His father James Lord Hamilton 2nd Duke of Abercorn died on 3 Jan 1913 at London, England.1 
Death of Mother1929 His mother Lady Maria Anna Curzon-Howe died in 1929.1 
Death*12 Sep 1953 He died at London, England, on 12 Sep 1953 at age 83.2 
Burial*circa 18 Sep 1953 His body was interred circa 18 Sep 1953 at Baronscourt, co. Tyrone, Ulster, Ireland.2 
Biography* James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, KG, KP, PC (30 November 1869 – 12 September 1953) was a British Unionist politician and nobleman who became the first Governor of Northern Ireland.

Born in Hamilton Place, Piccadilly, London, the eldest son of James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn, and godson of the Prince of Wales, he was educated at Eton and subsequently served first in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers until 1892 when he joined the 1st Life Guards. In the 1900 General Election, he was elected Unionist Member of Parliament for Londonderry City, and three years later he became Treasurer of the Household, a post he held until the fall of Balfour's Conservative administration in 1905.

After serving for a time as an Opposition whip, Hamilton succeeded his father as third Duke of Abercorn in 1913, and nine years later was appointed Governor of the newly-created Northern Ireland. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone from 1917 until his death, and as a major in the North Irish Horse. He proved a popular royal representative, and was reappointed to the post in 1928 after completing his first term of office. In 1931, he declined the offer of the Governor Generalship of Canada, and three years later he was again reappointed Governor for a third term. He remained in this capacity until his resignation in July 1945.

The Duke was made a Knight of St Patrick in 1922, and six years later became a Knight of the Garter. In the latter year, he was also the recipient of an honorary degree from the Queen's University of Belfast, and received the Royal Victorian Chain in 1945, the same year he became a Privy Counsellor.

On 1 November 1894 he married Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham (1869–1958), daughter of Charles George Bingham, 4th Earl of Lucan (1830–1914) and Lady Cecilia Catherine Gordon-Lennox (1838–1910, daughter of the 5th Duke of Richmond and Lennox) at St. Paul's Church, Knightsbridge.

They had three daughters and two sons:
     1. Lady Mary Cecilia Rhodesia Hamilton (1896–1984), who married twice, firstly in 1917 Capt/Maj. Robert Orlando Rudolph Kenyon-Slaney (1892–1965), with whom she divorced in 1930, and secondly in 1930 Sir John Little Gilmour, 2nd Baronet. With her first husband she had two sons and a daughter, and with her second husband one son.
     2. Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton (1897–1972), who married in 1919 Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975). They had a son and two daughters. By their son they became grandparents of Diana, Princess of Wales.
     3. Lady Katherine Hamilton (1900–1985), who married in 1930 Lt-Col. Sir Reginald Henry Seymour (1878–1938), a descendant of the 1st Marquess of Hertford.
     4. Sir James Edward Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn (1904–1979)
     5. Lord Claud David Hamilton (1907–1968), who worked as a barrister in the Inner Temple, and who in 1946 married Genesta Mary Heath. He was her third husband, and they had no offspring.
The Duke died at his London home in 1953, and was buried at Baronscourt, County Tyrone.2 

Family

Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham (26 Feb 1869 - 18 Jan 1958)
Marriage*1 Nov 1894 He married Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham on 1 Nov 1894 at age 24.2 
Child
ChartsDiana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart
The Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited10 Mar 2008

Citations

  1. James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn. (2008, March 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:53, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton%2C_2nd_Duke_of_Abercorn&oldid=196267019
  2. James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn. (2008, March 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16:09, March 9, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton%2C_3rd_Duke_of_Abercorn&oldid=196267107